Signs of PCOS: How To Tell If You Have Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

sign symptoms of pcos

PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) is a condition that occurs in women and manifests with symptoms like irregular menstrual cycles, obesity, hyper androgensism, increased hair growth all over the body, as well as lower sex drive and mood swings. You may not know it, but you have PCOS if you keep on noticing some of these symptoms. The only way to find out is to undergo a test known as an endometrial biopsy. This will tell you whether or not you are suffering from PCOS and, if so, how severe the condition is.

A recent study has confirmed that over 18% of all women worldwide have PCOS, and it is more prevalent among young women. The prevalence rate is higher among women aged 35 and above. This is according to a cross-sectional study done in the UK.

Sign Symptoms Of PCOS

A clock sitting in front of a window

The most common symptom of PCOS is irregular menstrual cycles, and this occurs in up to seventy-five percent of women having the condition. The length of the cycle can differ greatly between women and can be anywhere from three months to four years. There can also be variations in the number of times a woman ovulates during her lifetime. Some women ovulate very rarely, while others ovulate several times a month or even several years apart.


A hand holding a baby

Obesity is one of the main characteristics of PCOS, and this is the reason why it is most common amongst overweight or obese women. Overweight and obese women are more likely to have PCOS because their hormonal levels tend to be unbalanced. As a result, their ovaries are unable to release the male hormone testosterone that the body needs in order for pregnancy to take place. The lack of testosterone means that there is less estrogen available for the eggs to be fertilized. There can therefore be irregular periods combined with severe weight loss, increased body fat, and an increased risk of developing diabetes.

Many women with PCOS have irregular menstrual cycles, and this is often one of the first symptoms of PCOS that they will experience. This is because the excess weight puts extra pressure on the lower abdomen and can cause a variety of abdominal discomforts such as bloating, pain, and cramping. In addition to being overweight, a woman’s weight can be caused by insulin resistance, excess body fat, heredity, depression, stress, fatigue, and fluid retention. There can also be symptoms that are not so apparent such as lower energy levels, mood swings, and irritability. If a woman is experiencing any or all of these symptoms, she should make an appointment with her doctor to determine whether her symptoms are related to polycystic ovarian syndrome or something else.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

The polycystic ovarian syndrome was recently linked to an increased risk of colon cancer, but there has yet to be a great deal of research regarding the link between PCOS and colon cancer. In a simple random sample size test, doctors took an average of three hundred and sixty-five women and tested for the hormone called testosterone. The result was that there was a twenty percent increase in the probability that a woman in the sample would have PCOS. However, this test did not have a good enough sample size to truly reflect the effects of PCOS on cancer rates.

In order to conduct a study that would be representative of women of all ages, it is important that the researchers involved in the project meet certain criteria. First, all study participants had to be adults over the age of eighteen years old, with no history of cancer or hormonal disorders in their families. Next, the participants had to agree to participate in the study and provided written informed consent. Finally, all of the study participants had to pass the initial screening test, which included a physical and a battery of tests designed to measure things like thyroid function and insulin levels.

Bottom Line

Once all of these demographic and lifestyle factors were assessed, the researchers then looked at the women’s menstrual cycles and looked at how often they showed the signs of PCOS during each of their menstrual cycles. To evaluate how prevalent the presence of polycystic ovary syndrome was in the menstrual cycle of the women who had completed the study, the researchers divided each group of women into four equal groups. They then monitored the development of the polycystic ovary syndrome in these groups over a four-year period. What they found was that the prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome in the women who did not have PCOS was much higher than the prevalence in those who were diagnosed with PCOS.

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