Reasons for pelvic pain during pregnancy

pelvic pain during pregnancy

Pelvic pain during pregnancy is an alarming symptom of several pathological processes. The pain can be caused by contractions in the fetus, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), roundworm and other parasitic infections, yeast vaginitis, lower urinary tract infection, premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall, and many others.

Only early diagnosis and proper treatment help avoid complications and negative consequences. To diagnose the reasons for pelvic pain, doctors first study a woman and her personal and family health history. In this article, we consider one of the most common causes and Reasons of pelvic pain during pregnancy.

1. Fibroids

A woman sitting at a table

A fibroid is a benign tumor in the uterine muscle layer, there are several types of fibroids: pedunculated and sessile. The size of pedunculated tumors can reach 5 cm and more, they can be found in the uterus neck or along the tube in a high position. Pedunculated tumors can cause mechanical damage to the urethra and bladder neck causing severe pain during urination. In addition, they hurt reproductive functions.

2. Sessile tumors

A person cutting a piece of paper

Sessile tumors are located near the uterine wall. They can not affect the function of the reproductive system, but cause pain during pregnancy due to pressure on the pelvic organs. Pregnancies with sessile fibroids take place in rare cases and often end in miscarriage or premature birth.

3. Ectopic pregnancy

The rate of ectopic pregnancies reaches 3-8% and depends on the age category of women, lifestyle, and many other factors. In most cases, ectopic pregnancies end in a miscarriage or stillbirth.

4. Low lying placenta

Contact with the cervix is a common cause of pelvic pain. When the placenta is located low, it can put pressure on the cervix and cause severe pain during pregnancy. This condition is associated with bleeding, especially at the beginning of pregnancy or at the end of the gestation period.

5. Premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall

When this phenomenon occurs, it is accompanied by sharp pain and bleeding. The placenta separates from the uterine wall but remains connected with a thin thread. This can put pressure on blood vessels and cause heavy bleeding until the final separation of the placenta occurs.

6. Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia is a serious complication of pregnancy associated with the violation of the work of many organs and systems. As a rule, women who suffer from preeclampsia have high blood pressure, protein in the urine, swelling of the hands and feet. In addition, they feel severe pain during pregnancy.

7. Premature birth

In some cases, pelvic pain is caused by several minor reasons, but it is marked by heavy bleeding. This is the alarm that the woman will give birth before term. Such conditions are observed in 10-20% of pregnancies, especially if there are multiple gestations, anemia, and other diseases during pregnancy.

8. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

Most often PID occurs as a result of sexually transmitted infections. During pregnancy, the infection spreads to the pelvic organs and causes severe pain during pregnancy. PID is a dangerous complication that can lead to infertility if not diagnosed in time.

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