How To Avoid Pregnancy: Contraceptives And Their Uses


Are you one of those sexually active individuals and do not prefer having a child just yet, especially if you or your partner are dealing with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)? Then, it is the right time to start using contraceptives. Aside from helping you how to avoid pregnancy, it also promotes safe sex. You’d want to enjoy the act without worrying about contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Contraceptives never guarantee success, which is also why you need to know the right way to use them.

Today, we will tell you about the different contraceptives available and how you can use them the right way to prevent further complications on top of the risks brought about by PCOS.

1. Condoms

The condom is the most common contraceptive used around the world. Other than being the popular answer too how to avoid pregnancy, it also protects both men and women from STDs and infections like HIV.

Using the condom the right way has more benefits than you can imagine. Although they cannot prevent the transmission of diseases altogether, they can reduce the risk to a great extent. It should be noted that other contraceptives like birth control pills, diaphragms, intrauterine devices might prevent pregnancy but they do not prevent HIV and other STDs.

Furthermore, condoms are available for both males and females. Studies have shown that both male and female condoms are quite effective. Nowadays, female condoms are available at local drug stores but if they aren’t, you can purchase them online. 

Things To Remember:

  • Store condoms in a cool place and never forget to check the expiry date on the package.
  • While tearing the package, be careful as your nails might rip the condom. 

How To Use Them:

  • Once the penis is hard, put on the condom. Pinch the tip of the condom and place it on the head of the penis. Gently slide it up.
  • Add a little bit of lubricant to the outside of the condom. Do not forget to check the compatibility of the lubricant with the condom being used.
  • After ejaculation, you need to make sure you properly hold the rim of the condom before taking the penis out. It will ensure no semen spills off.
  • Dispose of it after use and never wear the same condom twice. 
How To Avoid Pregnancy: Contraceptives And Their Uses
How To Avoid Pregnancy: Contraceptives And Their Uses

2. Diaphragm

This method of contraception is for females. You need to properly place it inside the vagina. The effectiveness of the diaphragm increases once spermicide is used. Unlike condoms, diaphragms should be inserted a few hours before the intercourse and should be removed after 24 hours. As stated earlier, they do not protect you from STDs. 

3. Spermicide

The sperms are inactive for a period of 60 minutes once this chemical is used. It can be used alone as well as with contraceptives such as condoms. If you prefer using it alone, it should be applied to the cervix at least 10-15 minutes before having sex. You can easily purchase spermicide gels at local drugstores or even online. 

4. Contraceptive Pills

Aside from condoms, taking birth control pills is also a popular method of contraception. Studies have shown that they are approximately 95% effective. If you prefer using the pills, you should take it daily at the same time. 

Types Of Pills Available

  • Combination pills are the pills that contain both estrogen and progestin. These pills prevent your body from ovulating and also thicken your cervical mucus to stop the sperm from reaching the uterus.
  • Progestin-only pills. These pills only contain progestin. They are suitable for women who do not prefer taking estrogen for any specific reason. It works mainly by thickening the cervical mucus and thinning your endometrium. After fertilization, the egg is implanted in the lining of the endometrium. If this lining is thinner, it is difficult to implant the egg, preventing pregnancy in the process.
How To Avoid Pregnancy: Contraceptives And Their Uses
How To Avoid Pregnancy: Contraceptives And Their Uses

Consulting a doctor before taking any pill is a good option, as the doctor can suggest what pills which suit your body. This is even more necessary in the case of women with PCOS who want to know how to avoid pregnancy while they’re still dealing with their condition.

You can try any of the contraceptive methods discussed above. They are easily available in the market or even online. Safe sex is important. Your freedom to choose when to have a child is even more so. If you want to take care of PCOS first before getting pregnant, exercise your right to use contraception like the ones mentioned here.

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